God or mammon? You can’t serve both
We have often been asked to elucidate our many references to “Warlord Bankers” and the stream of banking families that have come to “own the world” as the principal stockholders in the central banks throughout most nations. References to the City of London (aka CityofLondon), the Vatican Bank, and the Rothshilds immediately solicit a reach for a tin-foil hat and an evening of conspiracy theory speculation in many people’s minds. But the Anonymous Patriots do not make unsubstantiated remarks without having the evidence to back them up. We have often said that the path of the Warlord Bankers is complex and has been hidden by obfuscation, deceit, and subterfuge to obscure the truth and protect a small group of families whose wealth is fleeced from every nation on earth and hidden in off-shore tax havens that hold the wealth of the world.
We have shown in numerous Anonymous Patriot Citizen Intelligence Reports who these families are and how they own the controlling interests in the Fortune 500 companies through asset management companies, shill corporations, off-shore accounts, and a thousand other “old banking tricks” that have been used since the First Crusaders were loaned the money for a war against the “infidels.” The Jewish and Lombard bankers of Venice established the central banking system that is still used to this day.
Greed, known as the evil demon Mammon, hasn’t changed its ways since the Medici family of Florence and Machiavelli laid down the principals of corporate warlord banking machinations that are immoral and work against human advancement by engendering war, predatory economics, and economic slavery.
We will present in this American Intelligence Media citizen intelligence report a comprehensive picture of the history of money, warlord bankers, and those who have sold their souls to the devil to use money to make money, and an evil practice called usury — loaning money and collecting interest on the loan. Ultimately, these “bankers” convinced governments to lock people up for not paying loans on time. Debtor’s prison was the outcropping of banking families, later called merchant bankers, controlling governments and economies that reached beyond national limitations. As commerce, trade, and mercantilism took over the world, bankers continued to have the upper hand and indeed made and destroyed kings and kingdoms with loans from their family banks. These families became corporate lineages that are still in power throughout the world today. We only need look at the monarchs and nobility that all belong to the Knights of Malta (Catholic Church) to this very day – constituting the largest and most powerful insider trading group of warlord bankers and their associates.
What is presented here about Warlord Bankers is common knowledge now that this information to flows freely through the internet. But what is not common is a clear presentation of the historical roots of these banking families and exactly how they came to such complete power and globalist control of the world’s central banks – which subsequently control world economics. Our previous presentations were abbreviated versions of the story that we now need to expose in more detail. To tell the entire story, we must have a glossary of evil corporate warlords and a timeline of the principal developments in banking. A thoroughly comprehensive picture would take thousands of pages of writing and much study to understand the nuances of banks controlling stock and commodity markets and the use of derivatives and gambling on those markets, fractional banking, and currency manipulation to make money out of thin air. We tell the story from the point of view of history and those who have been struggling for decades to reveal the evil warlords who have been responsible for most wars and the constant death of those caught up in the battle for money – the worship of the devil Mammon.
Reader note: To access our other articles about banking, money, the Federal Reserve, the military industrial complex, etc. go to the search bar at the top left of this page and type in your search words.
Mammon – the Devil Behind Money
Mammon in the New Testament of the Bible is commonly thought to mean money, material wealth, or any entity or devil that promises wealth, and is associated with the greedy pursuit of gain. In the Bible, Matthew 6:24 tells us: “No man can serve two masters: for either he will hate the one and love the other; or else he will hold to the one and despise the other. Ye cannot serve God and mammon.” It seems clear what this injunction is telling us, you can serve God, or you can serve the demon Mammon – but not both, the choice is yours.
In the Middle Ages, Mammon was often personified as a demon and sometimes included in the seven princes of Hell who govern the “Seven Deadly Sins.” Mammon in Hebrew means money and is the god of material things, essentially the “materialism” of our time that controls most Westerners.
The Seven Deadly Sins lead to Hell and Mammon is seen as one of the most powerful demons who herds humanity on the paths of perdition. The Seven Deadly Sins and their accompanying demons are often listed as:
The word mammon can denote wealth or profit in the original Syriac dialect; it is also the name of a Syrian deity who was the god of riches. The word mammon is unknown in Old Testament Hebrew, but has been found in the Qumran documents, post-biblical Hebrew, St Augustine of Hippo, and Aramaic. The Mishnaic Hebrew word mamôn means money, wealth, possessions and “that in which one trusts.”
The Bible also refers to mammon in the parable of the Unjust Steward: Luke 16: 9, 11, 13. “And I say to you, make friends for yourselves by the mammon of unrighteousness, that when it fails, they might receive you into the eternal dwellings.” In other words, mammon (money) is unrighteous but you can use it to make friends, for mammon will fail and only the love and unselfishness you showed others will bring you to heaven. We are encouraged to use money for higher purposes, not to make more money from people you loan money to and then charge “interest” through usury.
Eventually, due to the Christian injunction against charging interest for money that is loaned to another person (usury), the entire idea of money (mammon) became a pejorative, a term that was used to describe pride, greed, gluttony, excessive materialism, and unjust worldly gain. The “worship” of money was considered a sin, and the work of the demon of greed, Mammon.
The Bible tells Christians in Matthew 6:19, 20, 21, 23: “Lay not up for yourselves treasures upon earth, where moth and rust doth corrupt, and where thieves break through and steal: but lay up for yourselves treasures in heaven, where neither moth nor rust doth corrupt, and where thieves do not break through nor steal: for where your treasure is, there will your heart be also. No man can serve two masters: for either he will hate the one and love the other; or else he will hold to the one and despise the other. Ye cannot serve God and mammon.”
These Christian ideas indicate that the true path of salvation is the opposite of that which arises from the hellish realms through the greed of demons and devils. Christians are told to go in the opposite direction, towards heaven and freedom that comes from building a heavenly home, not a physical home. Money becomes synonymous with hellish intent and bondage to the physical world which leads humans into the dark realms; therefore, Christians stayed away from practices of usury and the glorification of mammon.
In Luke 16:1-13 we read: “One who is faithful in a very little is also faithful in much, and one who is dishonest in a very little is also dishonest in much. If then you have not been faithful in the unrighteous wealth, who will entrust to you the true riches? And if you have not been faithful in that which is another’s, who will give you that which is your own? No servant can serve two masters, for either he will hate the one and love the other, or he will be devoted to the one and despise the other. You cannot serve God and money.”
This injunction above insinuates the sin of one who has not “been faithful in that which is another’s”, or the sin of usury which charges “another” person interest on loaned money or even imprisonment if loaned money is not returned on time with interest. It was a common belief that usury is the work of the devil and certainly not fit for a Christian. A Christian should be faithful with “another” and help them out of love, not for the purposes of money mongering for personal gain. The Christian is careful not to be contaminated by the “unrighteousness” of wealth and money and the lure of Mammon.
A similar idea is repeated in the Bible in Luke 12: 32-34, where the Christian is told: “Do not be afraid, little flock, for your Father has been pleased to give you the kingdom. Sell your possessions and give to the poor. Provide purses for yourselves that will not wear out, a treasure in heaven that will never fail, where no thief comes near and no moth destroys. For where your treasure is, there your heart will be also.
In the twelfth century, the Christian scholastic theologian, Peter Lombard says, “Riches are called by the name of a devil, namely Mammon, for Mammon is the name of a devil, by which name riches are called according to the Syrian tongue.” (Book II, dist. 6)
Albert Barnes in his Notes on the New Testament states that Mammon was a Syriac word for an idol worshipped as the god of riches, similar to Plutus among the Greeks.
Plutus, the Greek god of wealth, covetousness, and avarice is the son of Pluto and Persephone and is the “Divine Child” of the Eleusinian Mysteries. He is envisaged as a blind youth, often in the arms of Persephone dispensing his gifts without prejudice from his horn of plenty, a divine cornucopia. Plutus is also seen as lame because he takes his time arriving, and winged, so he leaves faster than he came. When his sight was restored, he was then able to determine who was deserving of wealth, which created havoc throughout the world.
In Canto VII of Dante’s The Inferno, Plutus is a wolf-like demon of wealth who guards the fourth circle of Hell, “The Hoarders and the Wasters.” Dante likely included Plutus to symbolize the evil of hoarding wealth and the results of idolizing Mammon.
The appearance of the demon of money and greed has changed over time. Mammon is now a card credit or a PIN for your bank account, a check, cash, bitcoin, direct deposit, or a debit or credit to your account. The materialism that created Mammon is so engrained in Westerners that it is subconscious background noise that is never questioned. Scientific secular humanism brainwashes human thinking into machine-like thinking and the human heart grows cold from the dead binary world that controls our feelings. Mammon rules the human will-power through tax-debt slavery, technological assaults on human life-styles, and demonic control of human addictions.
The Seven Deadly Sins are found in most Hollywood productions and the path to Hell is like a red carpet rolled out for “warlord bankers and brokers” who lavish themselves in the pride of greed, gluttony, lust, hatred, and war. Mammon is global big business and the banking families aren’t giving up any money without good returns on their investments.
It is probably fair to say that most Westerners are either overwhelmed with this system of Mammon or are blissfully ignorant and wallowing in the pigsty of materialism. It is a comfortable mud-hole with scraps from the bankster elites to please the middle-class palette. Since Westerners have little understanding of the true history of the world, there is little or no understanding of the economic system of control that got us to this current insane economic world where America owes banking families $22 trillion in debt through the U. S. Federal Reserve creating continuous odious debt that can never be paid off. This is a very complicated, but typical, method that central banks use to control countries through debt.
As long as tax-payers have no understanding of the machinations of greed in history, they will continue to pay taxes for things they had nothing to do with. This debt enslavement is the work of demons and devils who literally “possess” wealthy elite who “sell their souls to the devil.” But money was first developed in temples in the ancient world to help store grain and food for the next season – a good moral intention that charged no interest. Coins and money were developed to represent human labor in the temple environment. Eventually, temples began to use their excess of grain and hard coins to loan to others for the advancement of the entire city. Money was used for the advantage of the group, not the personal greed of the individual. When the control of money left the domain of the temple, the positive uses for surplus grain and coin were “turned to the dark-side”, and demons began fighting with the gods of the temple for the control of money and the lives of the people.
For readers that may not know how money came into existence and how it has been used throughout the ages, we have summarized a brief history below. For those that want to learn more, please see the bibliography at the end of this report. Internet patriots are anxious to close the Federal Reserve, cancel odious debt, and create a U.S. currency backed by precious metals. Let’s educate one another on the history of money so that we have a common economic consciousness that can help us implement the big changes needed in our system of money.
Grain and Silver as Money
The story of money in the Western world begins around 2000 BC when the Babylonians had evolved into a highly developed commercialized society, complete with a sophisticated monetary and credit system. Barley and silver functioned side by side in a dual monetary system that made use of both as mediums of exchange and standards of value. Historically, barley preceded silver as the chief form of currency. A legal ratio established the value of silver in terms of barley and vice versa. Creditors accepted payments in either silver or barley, depending upon a debtor’s preference. Silver grew in importance relative to barley, and later in the ascendancy of Babylon gold became a competing metal currency.
The Code of Hammurabi (2123–2108 BC) specified grain money for certain payments and metal for others. Merchants who insisted upon payment in the incorrect currency could face severe penalties. The standard monetary unit was a shekel, equal to 180 grains of barley, or a fixed weight of silver. Silver was melted into small ingots that circulated as money and was usually tested for fineness at each transaction. Some of the ingots bore the image or superscription of the god whose temple guaranteed the fineness of the silver.
Temples lent goods from their stores for repayment in kind as a general practice. These loans charged no interest as long as they were repaid on time. Some merchants, however, carried on a banking business of sorts, making loans in silver and grain, and holding deposits of customers that earned interest. These customers could pay obligations by writing drafts on these deposits. The statutory rate of interest was 20 percent, but silver loans often earned 25 percent and grain loans more than 33 percent. Bills of exchange have survived written on clay tablets from this time.
It is believed that traders began marking their own shekels in order to avoid the time-consuming process of weighing each transaction. Merchants who “issued” their own shekels could then trade them to patrons as IOUs. Any returning customers could then trade the marked shekel for a quantity of goods or services and the merchant would know that their standard weight secured the payment. This method eventually developed into a coinage system where rulers and states developed their own sovereign currency as a standard for exchange.
Since land was such an essential part of Babylonian life, banking firms at the time were heavily involved in real estate matters. Banking firms like the House of Egibi acted as land managers, renting fields for absentee landlords, while other firms dealt strictly with royal-owned lands. For example, the House of Murashu, operating in the last half of the 5th Century BC, became successful by “renting royal lands to tenant farmers and acting as agents in converting agriculture profits into metal.”
Social and economic stability gave rise to the accumulation of wealth from land revenues, rents, slavery, etc. With prosperity came merchant bankers and a larger sector of the population participating in commercial and financial operations, whose transactions were based on a silver standard and modeled on promissory notes.
Before paper money was used, contracts were written on clay tablets in cuneiform and included a notarization by witnesses with the location and date. Goods would be weighed in silver and totaled for an amount payable which could be loaned to the purchaser. After a debt was repaid, the creditor would break the promissory clay tablet to show the debt was paid.
Private Babylonia banks also supported venture capitalists seeking commercial enterprises like a modern-day hedge-fund. A group of investors would pool their resources and give the capital to an individual to carry out commercial transactions to make a profit that would be divided among the initial investors.
In Babylon, at the time of Hammurabi, there are records of loans made by the priests of the temple. Temples took in donations and tax revenue and amassed great wealth. They redistributed these goods to people in need such as widows, orphans, and the poor and allowed people to take interest-bearing loans. The loans were made at reduced below-market interest rates. Sometimes arrangements were made to make food donations to the temple instead of repaying interest.
Once these systems of usury were established and the grip of Mammon was creating a cultural transformation based upon money, people naturally fell into debt and became slaves to pay off their debt. The debtor being imprisoned for debt could nominate his wife, a child, or slave to work off the debt. The situation got so out of hand that King Hammurabi decreed that no one could be enslaved for more than three years for debt. Other cities, with residents racked by debt, issued moratoriums on all outstanding bills. The worship of Mammon was taking hold of the cultures that embraced usury and focused on money that makes money – usury.
During the 5th century BC, “Warlord Banking Families” came into existence in Babylon in their initial form; the Houses of Egibi, Murashu, Ea-iluta-bani, and Borsippa were such families. These families are classified as “merchant bankers”, but should be seen as worshipers of Mammon who shaped culture significantly in the ancient Near East.
Other Early Monetary Systems Throughout the World
There were many early attempts at developing monetary systems throughout the world. Babylon is just one archetypal example of the way Mammon arose throughout the ancient world ubiquitously from human greed and desire to have power over other people. The Warlord Banking Families of Babylon are the “fathers of modern banking” and therefore can be easily equated with Western banking ideas. It is quite instructive to look at the different early experiments with money and economics throughout the world and down through history.
For example, in ancient India, loans with interest were given from the Vedic period (1750 BC). During the Maurya dynasty (321-185 BC), a banking instrument called a “note” was used as a “bill of exchange” for a variety of transactions including loans with interest. Eventually not only temples gave out notes but merchant families in large towns gave “letters of credit” to one another, the basis for fiat currency, a transaction based simply upon trust. Unfortunately, enslaving others for non-payment of those loans led again to debtor prisons. Money again led to enslavement of one human over another because of the evil practices of greed involved in many systems of “money.”
In China, during the Qin Dynasty (221 to 206 BC), currency was developed with the introduction of standardized coins that allowed easier trade across China, and led to development of letters of credit, fiat currency. These letters of credit were issued independently by merchant families who acted much like a modern-day bank.
In Egypt, during the 18th Century BC, large amounts of gold and silver were deposited in temples for security. Grain also had an intrinsic value and temples were used as granaries to store and loan the grain to the surrounding communities. The granaries were transformed into a network of grain banks, centralized in Alexandria where the main accounts from all the banks were recorded. This centralized administration was the first known state bank functioning as a trade credit system that transferred payments between accounts without passing money.
In ancient Greece, private and civic entities within society, especially Greek temples, performed financial transactions. The temples were also the places where treasure was deposited for safe-keeping: deposits, currency exchange, coinage, and loans. During the reign of the Ptolemies, state depositories replaced temples as the location of security-deposits.
Thirty-five Greek cities had private banks during the 2nd Century BC. Ancient Greek bankers provided a variety of services, primarily, money-changing, providing interest payments on deposited monies, pawn-brokering, acting as notaries and the safe-guarding of valuables. Money lending was often an activity for foreigners living as so-called outsiders within society. Business and commercial activities were deemed wholly unsuited to the status and situation of the noble elite of society because these activities were a source of corruption.
Ancient Roman banking activities initially happened within temples. The minting of coins occurred within temples, most importantly the Juno Moneta Temple, though during the time of the Roman Empire, public deposits gradually ceased to be held in temples, and instead were held in private depositories. The Roman Empire inherited the spirit of capitalism from Greece. Money-lenders would set up their stalls in the middle of enclosed courtyards called macella on a long bench called a bancu, from which the words banco and bank are derived. As a money-changer, the merchant at the bancu did converted the foreign currency into the only legal tender in Rome – that of the Imperial Mint.
In Judaism, the Torah and later sections of the Hebrew Old Testament criticize interest-taking, but interpretations of the prohibition vary. Most early religious systems in the ancient Near East, and the secular codes arising from them, did not forbid usury. One common understanding is that Jews are forbidden to charge interest upon loans made to other Jews but obliged to charge interest on transactions with non-Jews, or Gentiles. It was this interpretation that interest could be charged to non-Israelites living within Christian societies in Europe that justified lending money for profit. This conveniently side-stepped the rules against usury in both Judaism and Christianity and sealed the fate of a nation that allowed usury as a principal tenant of culture.
Originally, usury was banned by Christian churches. This included charging a fee for the use of money. Over time, the charging of interest became acceptable due to the changing nature of money, the term came to be used for interest above the rate allowed by law. The rise of Protestantism in the 16th Century weakened Rome’s influence, and its dictates against usury became irrelevant in some areas which freed up the development of banking in Northern Europe.
Many histories attribute the crucial development of banking systems to medieval and Renaissance Italy and particularly the affluent cities of Florence, Venice, and Genoa. The Bardi and Peruzzi Families dominated banking in 14th Century Florence, establishing branches in many other parts of Europe. The most famous Italian bank was the Medici bank, established by Giovanni Medici in 1397. The oldest bank still in existence is Banca Monte dei Paschi di Siena, headquartered in Siena, Italy, which has been operating continuously since 1472.
The development of banking spread from northern Italy throughout the Holy Roman Empire, and in the 15th and 16th Century to Northern Europe. This was followed by important innovations that took place in Amsterdam during the Dutch Republic in the 17th Century, and in London since the 18th Century which led to the possibility of private corporations like the Dutch East India Company.
The original modern banks were “merchant banks” that Italian grain merchants invented in the Middle Ages. As Lombard merchants and bankers grew in stature, based on the strength of the Lombard plains cereal crops, many displaced Jews fleeing Spanish persecution were attracted to the trade of banking in Italy.
Jews could not hold land in Italy, so they entered the great trading piazzas and halls of Lombardy, alongside local traders, and set up their benches to trade in crops. They had one great advantage over the locals. Christians were strictly forbidden to engage in usury. The Jewish newcomers, on the other hand, could lend to farmers against crops in the field, a high-risk loan at what would have been considered usurious rates by the Church, but the Jews were not subject to the Church’s dictates. In this way, they could secure the grain-sale rights against the eventual harvest. They then began to advance payment against the future delivery of grain shipped to distant ports. In both cases they made their profit from the present discount against the future price. This two-handed trade was time-consuming and soon there arose a class of merchants who were trading grain debt instead of grain.
The Jewish trader performed both financing (credit) and underwriting (insurance) functions. Financing took the form of a crop loan at the beginning of the growing season, which allowed a farmer to cultivate his annual crop. Underwriting in the form of a crop (commodity) insurance guaranteed the delivery of the crop to its buyer, typically a merchant wholesaler.
Merchant banking progressed from financing trade on one’s own behalf to settling trades for others and then to holding deposits for settlement of a “billette” or note written by the people who were still brokering the actual grain. And so, the merchant’s “benches” (banco-bank) in the great grain markets became centers for holding money against a bill. These deposited funds were intended to be held for the settlement of grain trades, but often were used for the bench’s own trades in the meantime through loans with high rates of interest. The broadening of merchant banker’s powers caused an imbalance in wealth that led the rich to lock-up the poor and bankers to turn the wheels of commerce into the gears of war.
In the 12th Century, the need to transfer large sums of money to finance the Crusades stimulated the re-emergence of banking in western Europe. In 1162, Henry II of England levied a tax to support the crusades. The Templars and Hospitallers acted as Henry’s bankers in the Holy Land. The Templars’ large land holdings across Europe also emerged in the 1100–1300 time-frame as the beginning of Europe-wide banking, as their practice was to take in local currency, for which a demand note would be given that would be good at any of their castles across Europe and the Levant, allowing movement of money without the usual risk of robbery while traveling.
The Crusades became the platform for merchant banking families to become Warlord Banking Families, who are still fomenting war to this day, so that they might profit by loaning money to both sides of the war. Then, once the victor is known, the Warlord Bankers set up a central banking system to create currency that enslaves the victims of the war to a debt that can never be paid off.
This central banking system assures that the “money” of a country or people becomes part of the larger system of Mammon that wishes to have complete economic control of the world – the ultimate outcome of greed.
The first “modern” bank was established in Venice with a guarantee from the State in 1157 AD and operated until 1797 acting in the interest of the Crusaders of Pope Urban the Second. This activity developed into the Bank of Venice, with an initial capital of 5,000,000 ducats. This bank was the first national bank to have been established within the boundaries of Europe.
In the middle of the 13th Century, when certain rich Italian families saw the profits that the Venetian Warlord Banking Families were making, groups of Italian Christians, particularly the Cahorsins and Lombards, invented “legal fictions” to get around the ban on Christian usury. One method of Christians effecting a loan with interest without calling it usury was to offer money without interest, but also require that the loan is insured against possible loss or injury, and/or delays in repayment. The Christians effecting these legal fictions became known as the Pope’s Usurers and reduced the importance of the Venetian and Italian Jews to European monarchs.
The most powerful Italian Warlord Banking Families came from Florence, including the Acciaiuoli, Mozzi, Bardi, and Peruzzi families, which established branches in many other parts of Europe. Probably the most famous Italian bank was the Medici bank, set up by Giovanni di Bicci de’ Medici in 1397 and continuing until 1494. Banca Monte dei Paschi di Siena S.p.A. Italy, is in fact the oldest banking organization to still have surviving banking-operations, or services.
The spread of Italian bankers into Europe was dramatic. By 1327, Avignon, France, had 43 branches of Italian banking houses. The accompanying growth of Italian banking in France was the start of the Lombard money-changers in Europe, who moved from city to city along the busy pilgrim routes important for trade. By the later Middle Ages, Christian merchants who lent money with interest were without opposition, and the Jews lost their privileged position as money-lenders.
After 1400, political forces turned against the methods of the Italian free enterprise bankers and in 1401, King Martin I of Aragon had some of these bankers expelled. In 1403, Henry IV of England prohibited them from taking profits in any way in his kingdom. In 1409, Flanders imprisoned and then expelled Genoese bankers. In 1410, all Italian merchants were expelled from Paris.
Later, when modern banking practices became wide-spread, the Italian Warlord Banking Families became prominent again, especially between 1527 and 1572 when Italy produced thse banking family groups: the Grimaldi, Spinola, Pallavicino, Doria, Pinelli and Lomellini.
In Germany, we find many Italian banking families migrating to Hamburg and becoming the hidden money behind the Hanseatic League, an early trading company that used Spanish and Portuguese merchant sailors in the lucrative spice trade. These early unions of rich bankers investing in trade became the basis for what would become corporations like the Dutch and British East India companies. In southern Germany, two great banking families emerged in the 15th Century, the Fuggers and the Welsers. They basically came to control much of the European economy and dominated international high finance in the 16th Century. The Fugger Bank lasted from 1486 to 1647.
Also important to the Northern German city states establishing powerful banks was the influence of Dutch bankers. Berenberg Bank is the oldest bank in Germany and the world’s second oldest bank, established in 1590 by Dutch brothers Hans and Paul Berenberg in Hamburg. The bank is still owned by the Berenberg Warlord Banking Family. Throughout the 17th Century, precious metals from the New World, Japan and other locales were being channeled into the Bank of Amsterdam. The Netherlands attracted coin and bullion to be deposited in their banks until they became a leading force of banking. The concepts of fractional-reserve banking and payment systems were developed and spread to England and elsewhere from Holland.
In the City of London, the London Royal Exchange was established in 1565. By the end of the 16th Century and during the 17th, the traditional banking functions of accepting deposits, moneylending, money-changing, and transferring funds were combined with the issuance of bank debt that served as a substitute for gold and silver coins. This would lead on to government regulations and the first central banks in Europe. The success of the new banking techniques and practices in Amsterdam and London helped spread the concepts and ideas elsewhere in Europe.
The convenience of modern banking was becoming such an integral part of modern life that a person couldn’t function easily in society without a bank account. The grip of Mammon became stronger and yet more unconscious as banking practices entered daily life more and more.
Commodities as Money
Modern banking practices, including fractional-reserve banking and the issuance of banknotes and fiat currency emerged in the 17th Century. At the time, wealthy merchants began to store their gold with the goldsmiths of London, who possessed private vaults and charged a fee for their service. In exchange for each deposit of precious metal, the goldsmiths issued receipts certifying the quantity and purity of the metal they held as a bailee; these receipts could not be assigned, only the original depositor could collect the stored goods utilizing an old Venetian banking trick established during the Crusades.
Gradually the goldsmiths began to lend the money out on behalf of the depositor, which led to the development of modern banking practices. Promissory notes (which evolved into banknotes) were issued for money deposited as a loan to the goldsmith. These practices created a new kind of “money” that was actually debt, that is, goldsmiths’ debt rather than silver or gold coin, a commodity that had been regulated and controlled by the monarchy. This development required the acceptance in trade of the goldsmiths’ promissory notes, payable on demand. Acceptance in turn required a general belief that coin would be available and a fractional reserve normally served this purpose.
Acceptance also required that the holders of debt be able legally to enforce an unconditional right to payment; it required that the notes be negotiable instruments. The concept of negotiability had emerged slowly in European money markets, but it was well developed by the 17th Century. Nevertheless, an act of Parliament, in London, was required in 1704 to overrule court decisions holding that the goldsmiths’ notes, despite the “customs of merchants”, were not negotiable.
The first bank to begin the permanent issue of legal, government approved banknotes was the Bank of England in 1695. Initially hand-written and issued on deposit or as a loan, they promised to pay the bearer the value of the note on demand. By 1745, standardized printed notes ranging from £20 to £1,000 were being printed. Fully printed notes that didn’t require the name of the payee and the cashier’s signature first appeared in 1855.
With free-flowing fiat currency, and the trust of the people using this “fake money”, banking families dealt in everything from underwriting bonds to originating foreign loans facilitating trade growth, profiting from England’s emerging dominance in seaborne trade, and the greatest money-maker of all – war. Two Warlord Banking Families, Rothschild and Baring, established merchant banking firms in London in the late 18th Century and came to dominate world banking in the next century. Some argue that the central banks of the Rothschilds still dominate world wealth to this very day.
The Rothschild family pioneered international finance in the early 19th Century and even provided loans to the Bank of England and purchased government bonds in the stock markets. In 1804, Nathan Mayer Rothschild began to deal on the London stock exchange in financial instruments such as foreign bills and government securities. From 1809, Rothschild began to deal in gold bullion and developed this as a cornerstone of his business. His four brothers helped co-ordinate activities across the continent, and the family developed a network of agents, shippers and couriers to transport gold and “intelligence” across Europe.
The Rothschild family was instrumental in supporting railway systems across the world and in complex government financing for projects as large as the Suez Canal. The Rothschilds financed the founding of De Beers, as well as Cecil Rhodes on his expeditions in Africa and the creation of the colony of Rhodesia. From 1919 to 2004 the Rothschilds’ Bank in London played a role as the source of the daily gold and silver price fixing. Through their network of intelligence, they gathered the prices of gold and silver and then set a “fair” price as the spot price for that day. Later, they even set the Libor (London Interbank Offered Rate) price index to control banks. Through these Rothschild banks, corporations, gold and silver fraud, and control of national currencies through Venetian style central banks, these Warlord Bankers can be seen behind every war in modern times.
Development of Central Banking
The central banking practices of the Venetian central bankers spread throughout Italy, Germany, Holland, and England. These practices led the Bank of Amsterdam to become a model for the functioning of a bank in the capacity of monetary exchange but also the development of all services associated with a central bank. The same closed-system of family shareholders that the Italian Warlord Bankers had used so effectively helped develop Holland into one of the first central banks in Europe that spearheaded the corporate takeover of world economy through the Dutch East India Company in 1600.
The Dutch developed the model that was later used by the British East India Company that became a rival in the spice trade market. The Dutch, using the methods of Warlord Bankers, turned trade into “trade with a sword” and developed the most powerful armada of the time that fleeced the spice nations of the East and began claiming resources and land as their own. Eventually, when the British got involved in spice trade, the Dutch added slavery to their crimes against humanity.
In England in the 1690s, public funds were in short supply and were needed to finance the ongoing conflict with France. William III’s credit was so bad that it was impossible for him to borrow the needed money. In order to induce subscription to a loan, the subscribers were to be incorporated by the name of the Governor and Company of the Bank of England. The bank was given exclusive possession of the government’s balances and was the only corporation allowed to issue banknotes. The lenders would give the government cash (bullion) and also issue notes against the government bonds, which can be lent again. The establishment of the Bank of England, the model on which most modern central banks have been based on, was devised by Charles Montagu, 1st Earl of Halifax, in 1694.
Until the mid-nineteenth century, commercial banks were able to issue their own banknotes, and notes issued by provincial banking companies were commonly in circulation. Many consider the origins of the central bank to lie with the passage of the Bank Charter Act of 1844. Under this law, authorization to issue new banknotes was restricted to the Bank of England. The Act served to restrict the supply of new notes reaching circulation and gave the Bank of England an effective monopoly on the printing of new notes.
Central banks were established in many European countries during the 19th Century. The War of the Second Coalition led to the creation of the Banque de France in 1800, in an effort to improve the public financing of the war. The U.S. Federal Reserve was created by the U.S. Congress through the passing of The Federal Reserve Act in 1913. Australia established its first central bank in 1920, Colombia in 1923, Mexico and Chile in 1925, and Canada and New Zealand in the aftermath of the Great Depression in 1934. Today, only a handful of nations do not have a central bank. The globalization of central banks has almost become complete and the plan of the Warlord Banking Families is closing in on a “one world currency” controlled by one global central bank.
The Dutch East India Company – VOC
The actual first Warlord Corporation would be the Dutch East India Company which became the largest slave-trader in the world and started countless conflicts and wars to feed their coffers. At its height, the “Company” was more powerful than the nation that created it and remained so for hundreds of years. It is still active today in many subtle, and sometimes invisible ways. Corporate imperialism, industrial espionage, and the machinations of the military industrial complex all find their roots in the Dutch East India Company that competed with and defeated the Hanseatic League of Northern Germany.
The Dutch East India Company (Vereenigde Oostindische Compagnie – VOC) was a mega-corporation founded by a government-directed amalgamation of several rival Dutch trading companies. The VOC was established in 1602 as a chartered company (limited liability corporation) to trade with India and Indianized Southeast Asian countries. The Dutch government granted VOC a 21-year monopoly on the Dutch spice trade. The Company (VOC) has been often labelled a trading company or sometimes a shipping company but was actually a proto-conglomerate company, diversifying into multiple commercial and industrial activities such as international trade, shipbuilding, production, spice-sugarcane-wine trade, and the theft of natural resources, including human trafficking and slavery.
The company was historically a state sponsored rather than a pure for-profit corporation. Originally a government-backed military-commercial enterprise, the VOC was the wartime brain-child of leading Dutch republican statesman Johan van Oldenbarnevelt and the States-General. From its inception in 1602, the Company was not only a commercial enterprise but also effectively an instrument of war in the young Dutch Republic’s revolutionary global war against the powerful Spanish Empire and Iberian Union (1579–1648).
In the early 1600s, by widely issuing bonds and shares of stock to the general public, the VOC became the world’s first formally-listed public company. It was the first corporation to be listed on an official stock exchange. The VOC was also very influential in the rise of corporate-led globalization in the early modern period and the attitude that corporations can do whatever they can get away with, including outright war. In many respects, modern-day corporations are all the ‘direct descendants’ of the VOC model.
The VOC also served as the direct model for the organizational reconstruction of the British East India Company in 1657. The VOC, for nearly 200 years of its existence (1602–1800), had effectively transformed itself from a corporate entity into a state or an empire in its own right as a scourge throughout the world, always bringing corporate imperialism to countries that it conquered.
In its foreign “colonies”, the VOC possessed quasi-governmental powers, including the ability to wage war, imprison and execute convicts, negotiate treaties, strike its own coins, and establish colonies. Because of its many foreign posts, the VOC is often considered the world’s first true transnational corporation. Along with the Dutch West India Company, the VOC was seen as the international arm of the Dutch Republic and the power behind the Dutch Empire. The company was first nationalized in 1796, and finally dissolved in 1799. All assets were taken over by the government with VOC territories becoming Dutch government colonies.
The VOC’s historic roles and contributions have long been heavily criticized for its monopoly policy, exploitation, colonialism, uses of violence, and slavery. It is this image of corporatism that is not often displayed because we are still living in the shadow of the VOC’s imperialism that was directly connected to the American Revolution and other wars.
British East India Company
No history of Warlord Bankers and Brokers is complete without addressing the significant influence of modern “corporatism” — the main tool for doing the dirty work of banking families. It was well known by the Venetian central bankers that war makes a great deal of money for war-centered corporations and their bankers.
Warlord Bankers were known for loaning money to both sides of the war, and it was not uncommon that corporate agents of the bankers might foment the initial conflict as an effective way to make money.
It eventually became accepted practice that entire nations began defending individual corporation’s resource-theft in foreign countries and ignored the imperialism that came with this type of weaponized corporate fleecing. The worst of these corporations supported by Warlord Bankers where the traders and merchants supported by the Warlord Banking Families of Germany, Holland, and England. These early sea merchants became so developed that in the 1700’s they were as powerful as the nations who supported their “trading with a sword.” The two most notorious were the Dutch and the British East India Trading companies. No story of the power and might of the demon Mammon is complete until a close look is taken at the archetypally evil corporations that are still fighting for imperialistic globalism to this very day. Now let’s look at the Dutch East India Company’s rival, the British East India Company.
In 1599, a group of British merchants met and resolved to apply to the Queen for support of trading with the East Indies. The Queen granted a Royal Charter to George, Earl of Cumberland, and 215 Knights, Aldermen, and Burgesses under the name, “Governor and Company of Merchants of London trading with the East Indies.” For a period of fifteen years the charter awarded the newly formed company a monopoly on English trade with all countries east of the Cape of Good Hope and west of the Straits of Magellan.
Any traders in breach of the charter without a license from the company were liable to forfeiture of their ships and cargo (half of which went to the Crown and the other half to the company), as well as imprisonment at “royal pleasure.” Essentially, this was a charter that officially sanctioned corporate pirates, by the Queen herself, to compete with the Dutch spice traders and war with anyone who got in the way.
The governance of the company was in the hands of one governor and 24 directors or “committees”, who made up the Court of Directors, much like the central banking system of the Warlord Banking Families of Italy. They, in turn, reported to the Court of Proprietors, which appointed them and then Ten committees reported to the Court of Directors. Essentially, it was a highly successful corporation acting as a monopoly.
The British East India Company was not the only monopolized corporate-pirate venture that the Queen developed. The Levant Company was an English chartered company formed in 1592. Elizabeth I approved its initial charter in 1581 when the Venice Company (1583) and the Turkey Company (1581) merged, because their charters had expired. Its initial charter was good for seven years and was granted to Edward Osborne, Richard Staper, Thomas Smith, and William Garret with the purpose of regulating English trade with the Ottoman Empire and the Levant. The company remained in continuous existence until being superseded in 1825.
A member of the Levant Company was known as a Turkey Merchant. Turkish opium was bought by the Levant Company as well as weapons. The Levant Company also encompassed American merchants before 1811 who bought Turkish opium. These merchants would sell the opium to the Chinese, beginning in 1806. Among these American Turkey merchants were members of the famous Astor family.
From these beginnings in weaponized corporate imperialism we can see how the later war-mongering attitude of the British led to a United Kingdom, upon which the ‘sun never sets.’ British warlord politics has drawn America into one war after the next. It was the British East India and Dutch East India companies that were behind the American Revolution through trade and tax manipulation with the Northern colonies and slavery and cotton trade with Southern colonies. Those same forces have continued to be part of every modern war since that time. It is not ideologies of politics that create war, it is the work of warlord banking practices and the continued worship of Mammon and the greedy misuse of money.
A Timeline of Warlords and Oligarchs
History is a collection of biographies, not a collection of ideologies, movements, wars, or systems – just humans adding their unique creation to the world. The Warlord Banking Families are individuals working together, not historical forces consciously shaping the outcomes of cultural exchange having some “bigger picture” in mind for the future of human development. Usually, there are simple choices between virtues and vices that cause a person to do something that effects and shapes history. Often love is the ultimate binding force that moves the hands of destiny but too often it is greed that drives the cold-hearted materialist. These evil attitudes, that are part of worshiping Mammon, are taught from person to person and passed down through corporate dynasties, Warlord Bankers, and brokers.
It is instructive to have a glossary of the Warlord Banking Families founders and early members to see that it truly is only a very few families that began the wholesale takeover of banking throughout the world. To understand history, we need a timeline of biographies, not just dates and time of historical events. Once we know the usual culprits, many pieces of the globalist’s puzzle fall into place.
Below are some of the European bankers who spread to America and infected the U. S. Federal Reserve with the same predatory banking practices that have been inspired by Mammon since ancient Babylon. You will recognize many of these bankers because their names come up as the money behind most “conspiracy theories.” Unfortunately, the CityofLondon and its power is no conspiracy theory and the Warlord Bankers who prey on nations for personal gain still have the upper hand and maintain economic slavery over most of the globe.
Famous Warlord Bankers
Mayer Amschel Rothschild (1744-1812) – was a German banker and the founder of the Rothschild banking dynasty, which is believed to have become the wealthiest family in human history. Referred to as the “founding father.” (pictured left)
Amschel Mayer Rothschild (1773-1855) – was a German Jewish banker of the Rothschild family financial dynasty. He was the second child and eldest son of Mayer Amschel Rothschild, the founder of the dynasty.
Carl Mayer von Rothschild (1788-1855) – was a German-born banker in the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies and the founder of the Rothschild banking family of Naples.
Felix Moritz Warburg (1871-1937) – was a German-born American banker. He was a member of the Warburg banking family of Hamburg, Germany.
Issachar Berend Lehmann (1661-1730) – was a Jewish-German banker, merchant, diplomatic agent as well as army and mint agent.
Jakob Fugger (1459-1525) – also known as Jakob Fugger the Rich or sometimes Jakob II, was a major merchant, mining entrepreneur, and banker of Europe. He was a descendant of the Fugger merchant family.
Jacob Henry Schiff (1847-1920) – was an American banker, businessman, and philanthropist. He helped finance, among many other things, the Japanese military efforts against Tsarist Russia in the Russo-Japanese War. (pictured to the right)
Solomon Loeb (1828-1903) – was a German-born American banker and businessman. He was a merchant in textiles and later a banker with Kuhn, Loeb & Co.
James Loeb (1867-1933) – was a German-born American banker, Hellenist and philanthropist.
James Paul Warburg (1896-1969) – was a German-born American banker. He was well known for being the financial adviser to Franklin D. Roosevelt. His father was banker Paul Warburg, member of the Warburg family who helped found the U. S. Federal Reserve.
Marcus Goldman (1821-1904) – was an American banker, businessman, and financier. He was born in Trappstadt, Bavaria and immigrated to the United States in 1848. He was the founder of Goldman Sachs.
Mortimer Loeb Schiff (1877-1931) – was an American banker and notable early Boy Scouts of America leader. His son John Mortimer Schiff was also involved with the BSA.
Paul Moritz Warburg (1868-1932) – was a German-born American banker, and an early advocate of the U.S. Federal Reserve System.
Sir Siegmund George Warburg (1902-1982) – was a German-born English banker. He was a member of the prominent Warburg family. He played a prominent role in the development of merchant banking both in England and America.
U.S. Federal Reserve Owners
As an example of the power and control of a nation’s central bank we need only look at the U. S. Federal Reserve – which is not owned by the U. S., is not federal, and has no reserves. If we wish to understand who owns the U.S. Federal Reserve we might end up feeling very frustrated with the many opinions, conspiracy theories, speculations, and dead-ends that will be encountered before coming up with a clear answer. The obfuscation, conflation, confabulation, and sheer ignorance concerning who ‘We the People of America’ owe $22 trillion to is staggering.
Much of the true ownership of the U.S. Federal Reserve, and its 12 sister banks, can be found by researching the U. S. Trust Corporation. Walter Rothschild was an initial director and trustee. Other directors included Daniel Davison of JP Morgan Chase, Richard Tucker of Exxon Mobil, Daniel Roberts of Citigroup and Marshall Schwartz of Morgan Stanley.
It is said that 80% ownership of the New York Federal Reserve is held by just eight families: Goldman Sachs, Rockefellers, Lehmans and Kuhn Loebs of New York; the Rothschilds of Paris and London; the Warburgs of Hamburg; the Lazards of Paris; and the Israel Moses Seifs of Rome.
It is also known that ten banks control all twelve U.S. Federal Reserve Bank branches: N.M. Rothschild of London, Rothschild Bank of Berlin, Warburg Bank of Hamburg, Warburg Bank of Amsterdam, Lehman Brothers of New York, Lazard Brothers of Paris, Kuhn Loeb Bank of New York, Israel Moses Seif Bank of Italy, Goldman Sachs of New York and JP Morgan Chase Bank of New York. Others point at major shareholders in the Federal Reserve system like: William Rockefeller, Paul Warburg, Jacob Schiff and James Stillman and Kuhn Loeb. The Stillmans are Citigroup insiders, who married into the Rockefeller clan at the turn of the century.
The historic Warlord Banking Families are clearly the true major shareholders in the fake and odious debt “owed” to the U. S. Federal Reserve. Basically, the Venetian’s central banking system has never died and can be found alive and well in the Warlord Bankers and their central banks throughout the world. Essentially, not much has changed since money became the god of materialism. Mammon reigns supreme in the immoral hearts of warlords and warmongers who work like demons to accomplish the economic enslavement of humanity. This is the bottom line of the daily work of the worshipers of Mammon.
Bankers do not work in a cultural vacuum and must enlist the help of politicians to make laws that always support corporations over citizens, profit over morality, and money over human life. These warmongering politicians are paid well for their corrupt service inside of government where they stand guard protecting the crimes of the wealthy bankers and brokers. These evil politicians get their hands dirty and drenched with the blood of the citizens they are supposed to be working for as their sworn duty. Without these political ideologists, propagandist, and public megaphones for the rich elite, the agendas of Warlord Bankers might be slowed down or, heaven forbid, be investigated for the overt corruption that is the very foundation of these warmongering institutions.
Behind every war are warlord bankers and political warmongers. It is important to know who these twisted liars are and what role they played in carrying out the banker’s desire for world hegemony.
Reader note: For those who wish to continue their education about warlord bankers, here are a few intelligence reports that we have posted on the subject.
Who Really Owns the Military Industrial Complex: The Highland Forum Exposed
We the People vs. Them the Corporations
Corporate Transnational Warlord Pirates Are On the Run
Cutting the Gordian Knot of All Time
Exchange Casinos Control Practically Everything You Own
Italian Warlord Bankers and Warmongers
The Acciaiuoli and the Buonacorsi
The Acciaiuoli and Buonacorsi International banks had been bankers of the Vatican before they left Rome and went bankrupt in 1342 with the default of the city of Florence and the first defaults of Edward III. The Peruzzi and Bardi, the world’s two largest banks, went under in 1345, leaving the entire financial market of Europe and the Mediterranean shattered, with the exception of the much smaller Hanseatic League bankers of Germany, who had never allowed the Italian banks and merchant companies to enter their cities.
Francesco Zorzi (also: Francesco Giorgi Veneto – 1466–1540) was an Italian Franciscan friar and author of the work De harmonia mundi totius (1525). The Cambridge History of Renaissance Philosophy describes him as ‘idiosyncratic’ and his works emboldened Italian banking families to dominate economics throughout Europe for centuries and justify their evil through the Church’s own philosophy. Zorzi’s influence cannot be overstated for he was quoted continuously by the Venetian school of central bankers who essentially came to control European economics.
Gasparo Contarini (1483–1542) was an Italian diplomat, cardinal, and Bishop of Belluno. He was born in Venice, the eldest son of Alvise Contarini, of the ancient noble House of Contarini, and his wife Polissena Malpiero. Contarini is one of the founding families of Venice and one of the oldest families of the Italian Nobility. In total, eight Doges to the Republic of Venice emerged from this family, as well as 44 Procurators (bankers) of San Marco, numerous ambassadors, diplomats, and other notables. Among the ruling families of the Republic, they held the most seats in the Great Council of Venice.
Contarini was the Venetian Republic’s ambassador to Charles V, with whom Venice was soon at war, who was instructed by Contarini to defend the Republic’s alliance with Francis I of France. He participated at the Congress of Ferrara in 1526 as the Venetian Republic’s representative; at the Congress of the League of Cognac he was turned against the Emperor, allying France with Venice and several states of Italy. Upon his return to Venice, he was made a senator and a member of the Great Council.
In 1535, Paul III made Contarini a cardinal to bind him to Roman interests. Contarini, a layman, accepted and lost his former independence until he was appointed Bishop of Belluno. As Cardinal, Contarini figured among the most prominent of the Spirituali, the leaders of the movement for reform within the Roman church. In April 1536, Paul III appointed a commission to devise ways for a reformation with Contarini presiding.
Contarini’s book De magistratibus et republica venetorum (Paris, 1543) is an important source for the study of the sixteenth- and seventeenth-century Venetian system of government which spread through the expansion of Italian banking families throughout Europe. This magisterial work, written during his time as an ambassador to Charles V, extols the various institutions of the Venetian state in a manner designed to emphasize harmony, fairness, and serenity. Historians have demonstrated that this text represents Contarini’s idealization of Venetian reality. Probably written for a foreign, courtly audience this work functions as the source for the everlasting propagation of the “myth of Venice” as a stable, unchanging, and prosperous Republic.
Contarini’s depiction of the Doge of Venice lucidly demonstrates the way in which this figure embodies both the conscious illusion of a resplendent monarchical ruler and an equally conscious demonstration of a regime that wishes to portray itself as ruled by ‘many limiting the powers of one.’ Contarini’s Venetian doge served as a literal ‘embodiment’ of the idealization of Venetian politics and the defining of the greatness of the Venetian constitution.
The Doge was portrayed as a conductor, rather than a ruler, who represents the entire city glorifying the republican nature of his realm. Legally, therefore, power in Venice came from the numerous councils, not the figurehead. Venice drew attention to a princely, magnificently adorned figurehead, only to direct most executive power to councils of her citizens – the bankers, merchants, and warmongers. This undermining of monarchies gave the power to the rich families who no longer believed in the ‘divine right of kings.’ Thus, money became the bottom line of politics and religion for Contarini.
Paolo Sarpi (1552 –1623) was an Italian historian, prelate, scientist, canon lawyer, and statesman active on behalf of the Venetian Republic during the period of its successful defiance of the papal interdict and its war with Austria. His writings, frankly polemical and highly critical of the Catholic Church and its Scholastic tradition, “inspired both Hobbes and Edward Gibbon in their own historical debunkings of priest-craft.” Sarpi’s major work, the History of the Council of Trent was published in London in 1619.
As a defender of the liberties of Republican Venice and proponent of the separation of Church and state, Sarpi attained fame as a hero of republicanism and free thought. He was a friend and patron of Galileo Galilei, and a keen follower of the latest research on anatomy, astronomy, and ballistics at the University of Padua. His extensive network of correspondents included Francis Bacon and William Harvey.
Sarpi believed that government institutions should rescind their censorship of the newsletters which started to be common in his time; he was one of the first and best propagandist. He published several pamphlets in defense of Venice’s rights over the Adriatic and the spread of the Venetian central banking system as a superior form of economics, government, and rulership. Sarpi was the penultimate Venetian agent spreading the reign of Italian Warlord Banking Families throughout Europe.
Sir Horatio Pallavicini
Sir Horatio Pallavicini (1540-1600) was the son of an Italian merchant who was recommended to Queen Mary and appointed Collector of Papal Taxes. He abjured Romanism on Mary’s death and appropriated the sums collected for the Pope. He lent large sums of money to Queen Elizabeth as well as to the Netherlands and Henry of Navarre and was knighted by Queen Elizabeth I in 1579. His first son, Sir Henry, married Jane Cromwell while his other son Tobias married Catherine Cromwell. His daughter married Henry Cromwell, son of Oliver Cromwell. The power and influence of the Pallavacini banking family in England was extraordinary for hundreds of years and still has a tremendous influence as one of richest, and least known, Italian banking families still operative today.
The Spirituali (1530-1560) were members of a reform movement within the Roman Catholic Church which is also called evangelism. The ranks of the Spirituali included Cardinal Gasparo Contarini (1483–1542), Cardinal Jacopo Sadoleto (1477–1547), Cardinal Reginald Pole (1500–1558), Italian poet Vittoria Colonna, and her friend, the artist Michelangelo (1475–1564). These “Italian evangelicals” proposed to reform the Church through a spiritual renewal and internalization of faith by each individual, viewing the intense study of scripture and justification by faith as means to that end. Essentially, the Italian Venetian school of the Spirituali were advocating for the end of Pope’s power both spiritually and temporally.
Giuseppe Mazzini (1805–1872) was an Italian politician, journalist, activist for the unification of Italy, and spearhead of the Italian revolutionary movement. His efforts helped bring about the independent and unified Italy in place of the several separate states, many dominated by foreign powers, that existed until the 19th Century. He also helped define the modern European movement for popular democracy in a republican state.
Mazzini’s thoughts had a very considerable influence on the Italian and European republican movements, on the Constitution of Italy, on Europeanism, and on many politicians of later periods: among them, men like U.S. President Woodrow Wilson and British Prime Minister David Lloyd George, but also post-colonial leaders such as Gandhi, Savarkar, Golda Meir, David Ben-Gurion, Jawaharlal Nehru and Sun Yat-sen.
Many British bankers, politicians, and rich elite rallied around Mazzini’s politics and economic views which came straight from Venetian central banking principals. Mazzini was one of the most powerfully influential people his time.
British Warlord Bankers and Warmongers
William Petty, 1st Marquess of Lansdowne, (1737–1805) known as The Earl of Shelburne between 1761 and 1784, by which title he is generally known to history, was an Irish-born British Whig statesman who was the first Home Secretary in 1782 and then Prime Minister in 1782–83 during the final months of the American War of Independence. He succeeded in securing peace with America and this feat remains his most notable legacy.
Jeremy Bentham (1748–1832) was an English philosopher, jurist and social reformer regarded as the founder of modern utilitarianism. Bentham defined as the “fundamental axiom” of his philosophy the principle that “it is the greatest happiness of the greatest number that is the measure of right and wrong.” He became a leading theorist in Anglo-American philosophy of law, and a political radical whose ideas influenced the development of welfarism.
He advocated for individual and economic freedoms, the separation of church and state, freedom of expression, equal rights for women, the right to divorce and the decriminalizing of homosexual acts. He also called for the abolition of slavery, of the death penalty, and of physical punishment, including that of children. He essentially was the “father of the left.” Bentham’s students included his secretary and collaborator James Mill, the latter’s son, John Stuart Mill, the legal philosopher John Austin, as well as Robert Owen, one of the founders of utopian socialism.
Henry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston, (1784–1865) was a British statesman who served twice as Prime Minister in the mid-19th century. Palmerston dominated British foreign policy during the period 1830 to 1865, when Britain was at the height of her imperial power. He held office almost continuously from 1807 until his death in 1865. He began his parliamentary career as a Tory, defected to the Whigs in 1830, and became the first Prime Minister of the newly formed Liberal Party in 1859.
Cecil John Rhodes (1853–1902) was a British businessman, mining magnate and politician in southern Africa who served as Prime Minister of the Cape Colony from 1890 to 1896. An ardent believer in British imperialism, Rhodes and his British South Africa Company founded the southern African territory of Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe and Zambia), which the company named after him in 1895. South Africa’s Rhodes University is also named after him. Rhodes set up the provisions of the Rhodes Scholarship, which is funded by his estate.
Note to readers: Make sure to read more about Cecil Rhodes, Alfred Milner and their 200-year plan to take over the world. Learn how they were using “fake news” at the turn of the century to foment war so that warlord bankers could make money from war and death. Nothing has changed.
Patriots Expose the 100-Year Anglo-American Propaganda War That Has Terrorized the World with War, Strife, and Poverty
Yellow Journalism: Globalist Weapon of Mass Deception
Alfred Milner, 1st Viscount Milner (1854–1925) was a British statesman and colonial administrator who played an influential leadership role in the formulation of foreign and domestic policy between the mid-1890s and early 1920s. From December 1916 to November 1918, he was one of the most important members of David Lloyd George’s War Cabinet.
Lionel George Curtis (1872–1955) was a British official and author who advocated British Empire Federalism and, late in life, a world state. His writings influenced the evolution of the Commonwealth of Nations.
Charles Frederick Gurney Masterman (1873-1927) was a radical Liberal Party politician, intellectual and man of letters. He worked closely with such Liberal leaders as David Lloyd George and Winston Churchill in designing social welfare projects, including the National Insurance Act of 1911. In August 1914, after discovering that Germany had a Propaganda Agency, David Lloyd George, the Chancellor of the Exchequer, was given the task of setting up a British War Propaganda Bureau. Lloyd George appointed Masterman to head the organization, whose headquarters were set up at Wellington House. During the First World War, he played a central role in the main government propaganda agency. T
he Bureau began its propaganda campaign on September 2nd, 1914 when Masterman invited 25 leading British authors to Wellington House to discuss ways of best promoting Britain’s interests during the war. Those who attended included William Archer, Hall Caine, Arthur Conan Doyle, Arnold Bennett, John Masefield, G. K. Chesterton, Henry Newbolt, John Galsworthy, Thomas Hardy, Gilbert Parker, G. M. Trevelyan, and H. G. Wells.
Philip Henry Kerr, 11th Marquess of Lothian (1882–1940), was a British politician, diplomat and newspaper editor. He was private secretary to Prime Minister David Lloyd George between 1916 and 1921. In the late 1930s, he was a leading advocate of appeasement of Germany, emphasizing the harshness of the Versailles Treaty and the dangers of Stalin’s communism. From 1939 until his death, he was Ambassador to the United States. He proved highly successful in winning America’s support for the British war effort, most notably the Lend Lease program, which passed Congress after his death.
William Cecil – 1st Baron Burghley (1520–1598) was an English statesman, the chief advisor of Queen Elizabeth I for most of her reign, twice Secretary of State and Lord High Treasurer from 1572. Albert Pollard says, “From 1558, for forty years, the biography of Cecil is almost indistinguishable from that of Elizabeth and from the history of England.” In 1587, Cecil persuaded the Queen to order the execution of the Roman Catholic Mary Queen of Scots, after she was implicated in a plot to assassinate Elizabeth. William was the father of Robert Cecil, 1st Earl of Salisbury and founder of the Cecil dynasty (Marquesses of Exeter and of Salisbury) which has produced many politicians including two prime ministers.
Robert Cecil, 1st Earl of Salisbury, (1563–1612) was an English statesman noted for his skillful direction of the government during the Union of the Crowns, as Tudor England gave way to Stuart rule (1603). Salisbury served as the Secretary of State of England (1596–1612) and Lord High Treasurer (1608–1612), succeeding his father as Queen Elizabeth I’s Lord Privy Seal and remaining in power during the first nine years of King James I’s reign until his death.
Sir Thomas Smythe (1558–1625) was an English merchant, politician and colonial administrator. He was the first governor of the British East India Company and treasurer of the Virginia Company from 1609 to 1620 until enveloped by scandal.
The Influence of Italian Banking
Now that we have presented an overview of the history of warlord banking and a timeline of some of the worst Warlord Banking Families and their warmongering operatives, we have abbreviated and condensed some critical articles below so that the core content is available to you without having to go back and read them from their original source. The exacting minutia of these exposes are hard to follow without the presentation of the material presented in the timelines above. If the names and dates get confusing, you can check above for the standard descriptions of these evil characters who serve Mammon. We believe you will find these articles very helpful in telling the historical story of how we have arrived at a place where bankers and brokers seem to run the world, even in contradistinction to political forces.
It may be quite shocking to hear the simple truths about the complete control Warlord Bankers, brokers, and warmongers have exerted on history – especial in the creation, promotion, and outcomes of wars. To some, it is quite evident that the only solution is to dissolve the Venetian style central banks and give the power of money to sovereign nations and not greedy individuals and their corporate banking dynasties.
In the historical lessons listed below, we explain how modern banking was derived from practices established long ago. We hope that you will find these lessons instructive tools in understanding the criminal practices of warlord, bankers, warmongers, and brokers.
Each selection contains an audio lecture from Douglas Gabriel with support materials from each author selection reviewed. We highly recommend that patriots understand the history of Venetian banking as it directly relates to the topic of mammon and explains why we must eliminate the Federal Reserve.
The History of Italian Banking
Venetian Takeover of British Banking
Venetian Bankers Come to England
British Corporate Warlords
This citizen intelligence report is the basis of what is needed as an overview of the past if you wish to understand Warlord Bankers and Brokers in the fashion that the Anonymous Patriots refer to them. We have joined forces with the researchers at Americans4Innovation to reveal the 200-year plan that these Warlord Banking Families have plotted out for the future. This plan began with Lord Shelburne and Bentham and led to Cecil Rhodes and Alfred Milner, whose Round Table politics has driven war-policy for the Anglo-American Alliance for the past 100 years.
What was needed to fully understand this 100-year plan was the genesis of these economic predators in the past – especially those banking families that are still powerful forces in global economics.
Much of what the Anonymous Patriots reveal in our research is disconcerting to those who have not studied history outside of the mainstream propaganda found in history books published by economic oligarchs who don’t want true history to be known. The grotesque and evil practices of these banksters and their insatiable desire for money — the worship of Mammon – must be exposed and ended. We point out that consciousness is needed to shine the disinfecting light of day on the dark works of demon worshipers until they melt away. Simple solutions will end Mammon’s control of nations, war, poverty, and evil.
In order to melt down the economic warlords and warmongers, we need to end all off-shore accounts that fleece countries. These accounts have amassed so much money that the it cannot be repatriated back into the countries from which it was stolen without crashing that economy. This type of grotesque wealth is an illness that must be dealt with as such. The monarchy of England has more money in off-shore accounts than the total amount of currency in the world, according to many accounts.
The rogue CIA has more gold than the total American gold reserves in Swiss numbered accounts in the gold vaults of Zurich. All of this wealth was acquired illegally and could be seized by those from whom it was taken. We know who stole it, how they took it, and where they put it. Evil is clever, but never wise and easy to recognize in with transparency, and quite easy to stop. The paths to hell are well-worn and seldom new and inventive – just the paths of the same old seven deadly sins that have challenged humans since consciousness was born.
Following the path of the 200-year plan of evil is easy when you know who you are dealing with and how they accomplish their deeds.
Once you understand the logic of evil, based solely on selfishness, it is easy to pull the rug out from underneath the people standing on that rug. For instance, in America, to defeat a large part of this evil we only have to default on the $22 trillion debt to the Federal Reserve because it was a fraud from the beginning – a bankster fiat money scam. This type of fraud creates “odious debt” which is known from its inception to be impossible to repay – thus, perpetual debt enslavement. ‘We the People’ owe the Federal Reserve nothing; in fact, the Fed owes us.
Once there is no more war-debt to the Fed, we won’t need payroll taxes, just simple sales tax. We can also charge every bankster and broker tax for each purchase on stock and commodity markets that they make, and then America will be richer than anyone can imagine. Just stop the theft of non-tax paying warlords and warmongers and every American could be freed from debt-enslavement.
Once humans realize that their daily actions constitute their own personal “religion” and what they think about is what they worship – freedom can come from cutting the ties to economic predators that hinder the development of higher thinking, personal development, and spiritual advancement. If you can free yourself from the brain-washing of predator economics hiding under the guise of free-market capitalism and find a new way to relate to money as stored human effort, we can place the free, spiritual human being at the core of our economics, politics, and beliefs and remove the evil influences that have been spawned by money and Mammon being at the center of our life.
We can become free when we love our work and the efforts of our work are not tinged by the stain of darkness of Mammon’s tools but are recognized as the efforts of love that each human has to share with others. Selflessness destroys Mammon and the selfish pursuit of money when a pious soul shares money like they share love with their own children.
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